It's simple, think of a graph that you know how to graph for example.
we know this is just a straight line. With transformations we will be able to do the following.
- Vertical shift up
- Raise the graph by x units up
- Vertical shift down
- Raise the graph by x units down
- Horizontal shift left
- Shift the graph left by x units
- Horizontal shift right
- Shift the graph right by x units
- Reflection on the x axis
Reflection on the y axis
In that same order this is how it would look like.